Vocational Course

Vocational Education and Training (VET) is a job oriented technical training course for students and aspirants to choose a specific career opportunity. This job specific training is meant for a specified career and focuses mainly on providing students with hands on training, instruction, and classes through which a student can gain a diploma or a certificate.

Vocational training happens not only in automotive segment but also in hand trades and tourism. Such programmes also focus on mechanics, skills in retail, plumbing careers, and many. Through this training, aspirants can search specific jobs as they gain the certificate required for it. These trainings are done either in institutes, community colleges, or in trade schools. There are certain vocational schools that offer these programs. Classes can be of short unit ones or ten weeks or even lesser depending upon the subject.


Bachelor of Vocational Education (B.Voc) is a three-year undergraduate course which is focused on providing adequate skills for a candidate to have the relevant skills relating to a profession. B.Voc was introduced by UGC to ensure that students have adequate skills and knowledge that could make them ready at each exit point of the programme.

One of the major advantages of opting for B.Voc after 10+2 is that the course opens multiple doors not just after the completion of the programme but also during the course. The B.Voc curriculum is mapped with the job role descriptions as per National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) which ensures that graduates have the skills that are valued at every level as per the requirements of the market.

Required Skillset and Eligibility

Vocational training can began from high school and can also be done when a student is a graduate. There are certain vocational courses that are in the form of high school studies. It includes studying of academics, studying major courses and introduction of students to the various trade forms such as- Business, Construction, Art and Craft, Agriculture, Health studies, Information Technology, etc.

For post secondary vocational courses a student needs to be a 10+2 pass out which means he has a basic education for the higher vocational courses. These are generally certificate and diploma courses.

 Bachelor of Vocational Education (B.Voc) Eligibility Criteria

Candidates willing to take up B.Voc for higher education should meet the following eligibility criteria:

  • They have to pass 10+2 from a recognised board or university.
  • They must have obtained not less than 50%-55% marks in aggregate in 12th standard.

Disclaimer: The eligibility criteria may vary from college to college.

Admission Process

In Vocational Training, students are required to meet the minimum age requirement of 16 years to get admitted to the vocational course. For post secondary courses, a high school diploma or a GED is expected of the aspirant to get enrolled. Sometimes there are basic exams held to judge the general knowledge of students.

Bachelor of Vocational Education (B.Voc) Selection Process

Eligible candidates must note that they will be selected on the basis of the following:

  • Merit in the qualifying examination/past academic performance.
  • Entrance exam conducted by the institute/university.

Syllabus of Vocational Courses

Vocational courses do happen in almost all fields and thus the syllabus for different courses is different. Here is a small list which defines in which field these courses can be taken up;

  • Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture.
  • Architecture and Construction
  • Science
  • Computer Science and IT
  • Business Management
  • Art and Craft
  • Education
  • Engineering
  • Health Science
  • Humanities
  • Law
  • Personal Care and Fitness
  • Media Studies
  • Social science
  • Hospitality and Travel

Career after Vocational Training

After you have done this course, there is immense job opportunity. Career opportunity such as audio technician, game designer, foreign language expert, auto technician, pilot, forensic scientist, etc is common. Some get better job opportunity too!

Thus, it is recommended to take better training from reputed vocational institutes or schools that offer a degree or diploma certificate to enhance your career.

Bachelor of Vocational Education (B.Voc) Career Options and Job Prospects

B.Voc is a recognised graduation degree in India after which candidates are not considered as freshers like other graduates. They have a good scope of employment in both the private and government sectors. Some of the popular job positions for B.Voc graduates include the following:

  • Computer Operator
  • Accountant
  • Food Technologist
  • Vocational Teacher
  • Home Economists
  • Biochemists
  • Managers
  • Tool Room Assistant, etc.

The starting salary package for B.Voc graduates may range somewhere between ?2 LPA – ?7 LPA. However, the same must depend on the graduate’s prior work experience, academic record, specialisation to name a few.  Apart from the job profiles mentioned above, students may also choose to pursue higher education.

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