MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery is a 4 year 6 months course and 1 year internship in India. This is a Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery programme, which is the two professional undergraduate medical degrees are Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.

MBBS: Eligibility Criteria in INDIA

In order to study MBBS in India students must qualify for the NEET or National Eligibility cum Entrance Test conducted by NTA(National Testing Agency).

NEET Eligibility By NTA

Parameters Details
Qualifying Exam for NEET 2022 Candidates must have passed 10+2 or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology and English as core subjects from a recognized board.

Class 12 or equivalent appearing aspirants are also eligible to apply for NEET.

NEET age limit 2022 Candidates must have completed 17 years as on December 31, 2022.
NEET Maximum Age Limit* The NEET upper age limit has been removed and anyone can apply for the medical entrance exam.
NEET eligibility marks 2022 The class 12 percentage required for NEET 2022 exam is separate for each category and can be listed as under. NEET eligibility marks in class 12 to be considered are aggregate marks only for PCB subjects

UR – 50%,

OBC/SC/ST – 40%,

PWD – 45%

Maximum Number of Attempts for NTA NEET There are no restrictions on the maximum NEET attempt limit 2022.
Nationality Indian Nationals, NRIs, OCIs, PIOs & Foreign Nationals aspirants are eligible to apply

MBBS Syllabus: Semester Wise

The syllabus of MBBS is spread over 5 years. The first 2 semesters of the MBBS syllabus deals with pre-clinical training, semester 3-5 of the MBBS syllabus deals with para-clinical studies. See MBBS SYLLABUS:

Semesters Subjects Covered Detailed MBBS Subjects
Semesters 1-2 (Pre-Clinical) Anatomy Microanatomy, Gross anatomy, Embryology and Genetics and Neuroanatomy
Biochemistry Molecular Biology, Hormones, Biological cell, Metabolic pathways, Cancer and cancer makers, Biomolecules, Enzymes, Food assimilation and nutrition.
Physiology Respiratory System, Nutrition, Kidney, Nerve–Muscle, General Physiology, Gastrointestinal System, Neurophysiology, Blood, Cardiovascular System, Environmental Physiology, Nutrition, Yoga.
Semesters 3-5 (Para Clinical) Community Medicine Infestations, Ineffective dermatoses, Allergic disorders, Gonococcal and Nongonococcal infections, Allergic disorders, Melanin synthesis, Epidermopoiesis, Pathogenesis, urticaria, Psoriasis, HIV infection, Infective dermatoses, Drug eruptions, Dermatological Emergencies, Vesiculo-bullous diseases, erythema multiforme
Forensic Medicine Toxicology, Forensic Medicine.
Pathology General Pathology, Systemic Pathology, Practical.
Pharmacology General Pharmacology, Cardiovascular system, Autacoids, Hormones, Miscellaneous, Gastrointestinal and respiratory system, Autonomic nervous system & The peripheral nervous system, Central nervous system, Chemotherapy
Microbiology Bacteriology, Microbiology, Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection, Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections, Collection of Transport of Samples, Common Tests for Bacterial identification, Microorganisms associated with gastrointestinal infections, Gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites, Bacterial and Viral Genetics, Virology, Mycology, parasitology, Vaccines, Sterilisation and disinfection, Immunodiagnosis, Host-Parasite relationship, Bacterial Staining and Cultivation
Clinical postings in Wards Clinical postings in wards is what every MBBS student has to go through. Here students will get exposed to 12 week of clinical posting in the field of community medicine.
OPD OPD or Outpatient Department is a part of the hospital that consists of medical and physical facilities. The patients who have not been admitted are cared for here.
Semesters 6-9 (Clinical) Community Medicine Community Medicine deals with the health system of the overall population of a community. The service provided at Primary Healthcare centres are taught in this subject.
Medicine and allied subjects Clinical Pharmacology, Critical care Medicine, Pain management and palliative care, Poisonings, Water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance, Specific environmental and occupational hazards, Nutritional and metabolic disorders, Medical Psychiatry, Immune response and Infections, Cardiovascular system
Obstetrics and Gynaecology Obstetrics, Neonatology and Recent Advances, Gynaecology, Basic Sciences, Contraception.
Pediatrics Growth and development, Immunization, Fluid-Electrolyte, Pediatrics Emergencies, Cardiovascular system, Central Nervous System, Behavioral Problems, Nutrition, Hematology, Gastro-Intestinal Tract, Infectious diseases, Neonatology, Genetics, Respiratory system, Vital statistics, Fluid-Electrolyte, Therapeutics, Genito-Urinary System, Pediatrics Surgical Problems.
Surgery and allied subjects
Clinical postings

MBBS Subjects

Students will study 3 sybjects in the first year of MBBS course. MBBS course contains 7 subjects in the second year and 3 subjects in the third year. The Final Year of MBBS course conatins 6 remaining subjects of the 19 subjects of MBBS.

MBBS 1st Year Subjects
Anatomy Biochemistry
2nd Year MBBS Subjects
Community Medicine Pharmacology
Pathology Microbiology
Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Clinical postings in Wards
3rd Year MBBS Subjects
Community Medicine ENT
Final Year MBBS Subjects
Psychiatry Dermatology and Venereology
Pediatrics Anesthesiology
Orthopedics Obstetrics and Gynecology

MBBS specialisations

MBBS is the foundation course or the initial step to study of medicine. It is a professional course for doctors and after the completion of this course, students can choose a specialization.

  • Orthopaedics
  • Internal Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Dermatology
  • Paediatrics
  • Radiology
  • General surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Family medicine
  • Chest medicine
  • Anaesthesia
  • Pathology
  • Psychology
  • ENT
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